For US residents only.
After you and your doctor have discussed surgery, you will talk about the next step in your treatment journey. This step may be a cancer medicine.
There are several things to think about when choosing medicine on your treatment journey. Different medicines are appropriate for different patients, work in different ways, and have different side effects. As different individuals will react differently to the same medicines, your doctor will not be able to predict exactly what your experience will be. Be sure to ask your doctor about the side effects of the drug(s) he or she recommends so that you know what to expect. Remember, some people are not bothered by certain side effects as much as other people are bothered by certain side effects.
Another factor in your decision making will be whether you and your doctor think an oral or an intravenous (IV) medicine is appropriate for you.
Many drugs for advanced kidney cancer are taken orally. This eliminates the need to receive treatment in your doctor's office or health care facility.
When surgery alone is not enough to control kidney cancer, doctors may recommend specific kinds of medicine to help fight the disease. Today, there are a number of different treatments available to treat advanced kidney cancer. In fact, over the past decade, there have been a number of options made available in the treatment of advanced kidney cancer.
When going over your advanced kidney cancer treatment options, you and your doctor will decide which medicine is right for you. Some medicines can be used at any point in your treatment journey, while others cannot. Some medicines are taken orally, and some of them are given as IV medicines in your doctor's office. Whichever medicine you and your doctor choose for you to take on your treatment journey, be sure to take it exactly as instructed by your doctor.
AFINITOR is indicated for the treatment of adults with advanced kidney cancer (renal cell carcinoma or RCC) when certain other medicines (ie, Sutent® [sunitinib] or Nexavar® [sorafenib]) have not worked.
The first step in treating kidney cancer is usually surgery. Surgery to remove a kidney is called nephrectomy. There are several types of nephrectomy. You and your surgeon will decide which type is right for you.
After surgery you may feel weak and tired for several weeks, but it is important to remember that people do not really need two kidneys. One healthy kidney will work harder to make up for the kidney that was removed. You can even live with only part of one kidney if some of it is removed by surgery.
Another procedure you and your doctor may talk about as you create your treatment plan is arterial embolization. This procedure involves blocking the blood supply to a tumor. Blocking the blood supply makes the tumor shrink.
Arterial embolization has many uses:
If arterial embolization is a step you and your doctor decide to take, you will need to go to the hospital. Your doctor will insert a narrow tube into your leg. The tube will go up to the main blood vessel of your kidney. Your doctor will inject a substance into the blood vessel that will block blood from flowing into the kidney. Blocking blood keeps the tumor from getting oxygen and other nutrients it needs to grow.